It’s Not a Tent, But At Least We Have Hot Water

Since my last post was rather boring/repetitive/box-of-rocks, I figured it’s time to let you know about life outside of the lab. After all, summer on the Hill (a.k.a. Hamilton) is part of the experience – including 5:30 a.m. fire alarms!

Two of the dorms are open for students during the summer.  I’m living in one of “the Suites,” which typically means that groups of six people share a kitchen and bathroom.  However, Jennie (my roommate) and I ended up in the not-suite which does not have its own kitchen and full bathroom, so we are sharing with the suite next door. A personal mini-fridge was a must, because the single fridge in the common room does not have enough room for eight people who have to cook every meal for themselves! Speaking of cooking for ourselves, fire alarms are abundant – at least two a week, if not more. Somehow, college kids and stoves just don’t always get along – surprise!

I must admit that I often find myself wishing I was back in British Columbia, sleeping in my tent with only the birds to wake me up at ungodly hours.  In fact, I have frequently found myself missing field school this summer, much more than I ever expected to. Despite not really being the “outdoorsy type,” I miss relaxing on the river, being surrounded by trees, and the feel of dirt between my fingers.  At least, we have the Glens at Hamilton.  I have spent a few calming afternoons walking along some of the more adventurous paths in the forests and swaddling myself in a hammock.

There’s a farmers market in Clinton every Thursday, which the summer students look forward to each week.  In addition to fruits and veggies, you can get fudge, crepes, pizza, jewelry, bread, and even gelato!  Another much anticipated weekly event is the Community Lunch.  Bon Appetit, the food service at Hamilton, puts on a free lunch every Wednesday for the students and faculty that are here over the summer.  The lunches are always well attended and provide time to talk with professors, catch up with friends, and make new friends.  After all, what college student doesn’t love free food?

As nice as Community Lunches and an unlimited supply of hot water are, the occasional adventure is required to escape the monotony.  The first weekend after graduation, I spent a Saturday afternoon exploring an antique fair in Bouckville and Rexford Falls in Sherburne.  A few weeks ago, Jennie, a friend Emma, and I went on a major adventure to Vermont.  After missing our turn and adding about an hour to our drive, we finally took the ferry across Lake Champlain and drove up to Burlington, VT.  Then we headed for the Ben & Jerry’s factory nearby for a tour, complete with a sample of Cherry Garcia ice cream. Yum! We ended the trip with tea from Dobra tea, a Czech tea shop, and crepes from Skinny Pancake’s food cart in Burlington.  Finally, Jennie, another friend Talia, and I went to Syracuse one night to see Bernie Sanders speak at a rally (mostly for the experience points).  I felt vastly under-politically interested and under-hipster.

That about sums up the adventures for now. Only two more weeks on the Hill! It’s crazy how fast time goes by!


More Staring at Rocks…

Yup.  Back to staring at rocks 6+ hours a day.  My roommate, Jennie, started asking, “What did you do today BESIDES stare at rocks?”  To which I replied, “Stare at rocks and throw away rocks.”


This is Jennie. Hi, Jennie! Jennie is working on a project on interfaith in Utica, NY this summer.

After finishing the stratigraphy chapter and profiles, I returned to the world of lithics. This time I re-categorized the lithic artifacts from the 2009-2013 excavations at SNAP using the same method as I used for the 2015 batch.  Most of the housepits had only a few artifacts which were recovered while digging for charcoal samples to radiocarbon date.  However, Housepit 9 was extensively excavated in 2009 in order to save as many artifacts as possible from bisection by the river.  Until Housepit 8’s excavation, Housepit 9 held the record for most lithic artifacts: 527. Interestingly, Housepit 9 has a much higher proportion of fine-grained volcanic artifacts than any of the other housepits.  The 2013 field school also excavated twenty 1×1 m blocks in Housepit 6 as the beginning of the research towards the question of spatial organization.  A total of 129 lithic artifacts were recovered from that housepit.

Now, I am using all this information to perform a small comparative study of the differences between the lithic assemblages of Housepits 4, 6, 7, 8, and 9. This will be the topic of the poster culminating my summer science research.


Many many quartzite flakes


This is a quartzite disk tool.  Though we find them relatively frequently, we still don’t know what they were used for.


A thumbnail scraper, so named for its size not used for scraping thumbnails.


Part of a pestle


I managed to refit these pieces…


It’s like a puzzle!


This awl was probably once a projectile point that was resharpened until it had to change uses.


I was really excited about this obsidian projectile point… until Nathan told me that it is most likely modern, left by a hobby flintknapper or as a token for the ancestors.


Anna left last Friday for adventures in London. Bye, Anna! :( 


What in the World is Stratigraphy? A.K.A. Why am I Writing About Dirt?

Answer #1: Stratigraphy refers to the distinct layers of sediment found while excavating.

Answer #2: I am writing about dirt because the stratigraphy provides relative dates for artifacts and suggests potential features such as fire hearths and post holes.


An example of stratigraphy from Golema Pesht Cave. I know, not SNAP, but my pictures are not nearly this nice.

After finishing the chapter on lithics, I moved on to writing a summary chapter on the stratigraphy at Slocan Narrows from the 2015 field season.  Unlike the lithcs chapter, the chapter on stratigraphy did not involve examination of artifacts.  Instead, I used the massive amount of paperwork we filled out last summer. I described the strata in each housepit by soil type, color, and which 5 cm levels the sediment was found in.  Then I wrote about the twenty-one features discovered during SNAP 2015. Feature descriptions included size and shape, sediment type, and any related rocks, roots, or artifacts.

Once the writing was finished, it was time to learn how to use Adobe Illustrator!  You might remember that between the last day of excavation and backfill day, we spent a morning drawing profiles of the walls in our housepits. (Here’s the original post if you want a quick refresher, though I didn’t go into much detail about profiling: Days 37 & 38 – The End of Excavation)  Profiles give a visual representation of the stratigraphy.  Well, as lovely as our profiles were, they do not translate all that clearly or consistently into a digital archive.  Therefore, it was my job to create digital versions by tracing over the profiles in Illustrator. The new versions are plainer, but much easier to read.

And that pretty much sums up the “dirt” portion of my summer research.


Now I know why we did so much paperwork!


Brought in an old friend to help me decode the Munsell color designations. Hello, Fred!

Working on Profiles [4868]

A finished profile in Adobe Illustrator

Staring at Tiny Rocks Six Hours a Day

It’s amazing my eyes still function.

But anyways, I began this summer working on lithic analysis of the artifacts from SNAP 2015 field school.  The first step was to find and organize all of the bags of lithic artifacts by housepit and SPEC number.  Then I went through every bag and categorized all of the flakes by size, amount of cortex, raw material, presence or absence of thermal alteration, and type of flake (complete, partial, or unidentifiable).  This is where my eyes got quite the workout. Most of the flakes are smaller than 1 square cm!

The raw materials were usually easy to identify: black is basalt/fine-grained volcanic, sparkly is quartzite, and anything relatively opaque and colorful is chert.  Of course, that’s an oversimplification, but you get the gist.  I never realized how many different colors chert comes in, though!  Most of the artifacts from Housepit 8 were chert and many had been heat-treated or burnt, which can change the color of the chert and/or make it shiny.  The chert ranged from almost clear to very dark grey, bright red to pale green, yellow to speckled with white and grey, and more.

Searching for platforms on the flakes was the most difficult parts.  A platform is where the flake was hit to remove it from the core.  A picture-perfect platform is a flat edge with a curve below it, which is called the bulb of percussion. (See picture below to better illustrate.)  But of course, most platforms aren’t picture-perfect.  They are often so beat up from previous strikes with the hammerstone that the platform is a sharp edge, only differentiated from a regular side of the flake by a series of ridges from earlier hits.


Flake diagram

Nathan checked my categorizations for all the flakes as I went, and although it was difficult at first, I would say I improved significantly by the end.

After categorizing the artifacts, I entered the data into an Excel spreadsheet and began working on writing the report.  Housepit 8 won the award for most lithic artifacts ever recovered in a single housepit at Slocan Narrows with 1,000 artifacts!  Housepit 7 comes in at a close second (for the 2015 season only) with 85 lithic artifacts.  Housepit 4 has a grand total of 53.  In terms of interesting (or “sexy” as Alissa would call them) artifacts, Housepit 7 recovered the base of a dart point, and Housepit 8 had four small Kamloops projectile points and two bifacial tools (possibly knives).  A few other larger artifacts were picked up during surface collection, including some quartzite tool fragments.

While none of this was particularly hard or enthralling work, it is definitely exciting to see my name typed at the top of the chapter. I will be published soon!  It has also fanned my interest in finding out what people were doing at Slocan, what their lives were like.  Why does Housepit 8 have so many more artifacts than the others?  Why is Housepit 4 the only housepit of the three to have quartz artifacts?  Why do Housepits 4 and 7 have more quartzite than chert, but Housepit 8 has 961 chert artifacts and only 21 quartzite?  All questions that require more research.  Do I smell a thesis in the making?


Sometimes I gave the flakes sonic baths in this machine to clean the dirt off.


Taking up all four main tables – sorry, Anna!


Laying out my rocks


All the paperwork I was using in categorizing the flakes


Say hi, little groundstone fragment!


Look at all the pretty chert!


One of the bifaces from Housepit 8


Hi Anna!

IMG_0678 (2)

Base of the Shuswap Horizon dart point from Housepit 7


The four Kamloops points from HP 8


A quartzite tool


Another quartzite tool fragment. We often find quartzite in disk shapes, so this is likely a fragment from one of those tools.


Lithics Chapter

Pretty cool to see my name on an official report, even if it’s still only in the Word document stage!

The Adventure Continues (In the Lab)!

Hi y’all!  I’m back!

I originally figured that I would be done with this blog after the end of last summer, but I just can’t stay away!  Haha! Well, actually I have decided this blog should be about more than just my adventures in British Columbia.  I want to share my passion for learning about human history with everyone in a way that makes archaeology accessible and fun.  However, that means also talking about the not-so-adventurous parts. Archaeology isn’t all playing in the dirt and worrying about wild animals.  A lot of work follows the field season.

So this summer I’m working in the archaeology lab at Hamilton College.  I have been tasked with writing chapters on lithics (rocks) and stratigraphy (dirt) for the 2015 field report.  This is much more akin to your typical office job than last summer’s adventures.  I work Monday through Friday, 9 – 5 (approximately).  The rest of my time is spent reading, relaxing, and cooking my own meals (eep! adulthood!).

My posts this summer will be of a slightly different nature than last summer’s.  Instead of a daily journal format, posts will be weekly to bi-weekly, generally marking accomplishments in my work.  For instance, I have already finished a draft of the lithic analysis chapter, so I will create a post outlining that process within the next few days.

Hope you enjoy!


P.S. If you’re just joining or need a refresher on all the hip archaeology vocab, check out the “Vocab” tab at the top of the page or through this link: Vocab!

Archaeology Close to Home

About two weeks after returning from British Columbia, my mom walked into my room with news that I had been voluntold (meaning told that I am volunteering) into giving a presentation on my trip to a group of middle school kids in two days.  So I threw together a Powerpoint and suited up in my SNAP 2015 t-shirt.  The kids were surprisingly attentive and asked good questions.
My hour-long commitment soon became three days of involvement with the week-long program run by the Newaygo County Museum.  Luanne Nelson, the program’s director, invited me to visit site the next day.  The group of approximately ten children was excavating at the site of a torn-down homestead near Hesperia with the help of Laura, a Forest Service archaeologist, and other adult volunteers.  When I arrived late Thursday morning, four units were in-progress scattered across the lot.  I helped one unit excavate out a piece of crumpled metal, as well as checked screens for several buckets of dirt.  Talking to the adults and from my own observation, the kids had not quite grasped the slow digging techniques needed – they would rather just dig dig dig, taking out rocks and artifacts as soon as they found them instead of carefully uncovering and documenting them.  However, while nowhere near as clean and precise as our units and paperwork were at SNAP, the kids definitely seemed to get a good intro to archaeology.  At least they knew that they weren’t digging for dinosaurs! A bit before noon, we began to close down the dig: taking pictures, drawing rudimentary profiles, and backfilling.  After packing up, the kids went to the library for research and discussion, while I headed home for lunch and a nap!
Friday was dedicated to presentation of the findings.  I arrived at the library in the afternoon to see the posters that the children had worked on during the morning.  Poster topics ranged from speculation on the function of artifacts to the difference between archaeologists and “treasure hunters.”  All of the artifacts were laid out for us to see.  It was interesting for me to see the difference between a historical site like theirs and a prehistorical site like SNAP.  They had many more artifacts, from chicken bones to square nails, from glazed ceramic fragments to door hinges.  Overall, I was very impressed with the children and excited to be part of such a wonderful program.  I hope to be able to volunteer again next year.

The Ocean County Press’s article with a few pictures from the final presentation:

I Wrote a Thing With Line Breaks (a.k.a. A Poem)!

Many of you probably already know, but for those who don’t, I am a Creative Writing major in addition to an Archaeology major.  While my journal was perhaps not the artistic masterpiece I had somewhat hoped it would be and neither was the trip particularly suited for awe-inspiring, must-make-this-into-a-poem moments, I did managed to write one poem during my time in British Columbia.  With very minimal editing, I present the ever-so-creatively-titled “Slocan Narrows, British Columbia”:

Dappled Skies.  Dappled
trees.  Dappled earth.
Light plays hide &
seek behind tree
branches while calico
soil covers ancient
treasures.  We glimpse
patches of past lives,
shedding mottled
light on long-buried
secrets.  Finding
ourselves as ephemeral
as sunlight.

Days 41 & 42 – The Journey Home

Day 41
July 18th
(Journal Entry from July 19th
7:08 p.m. Central Time
This morning we woke up bright and early for our usual 7:15 a.m. breakfast, and then headed back up to the field to finish packing.  I have got to say, taking down a tent is not nearly as fun as putting it up, especially when everything is still wet with morning dew.  We had aimed to leave by 9 a.m., but of course, that didn’t happen.  We said our (tear-filled on Petra’s part) goodbyes to Mike, Allysa, and Molly and hit the road about 10 o’clock.  The border crossing was very easy, and about 3 p.m. we rolled into a Mexican restaurant in Spokane, Washington for a hearty and tasty late lunch.  We said farewell to Nathan, Alissa, Mancos, and Lodi at the hotel.
Max, Grace, Petra, and I soon decided it was pool time.  The water slide was actually open this time, and despite our initial misgivings, we had way too much fun for college students sliding down over and over again.  Later, I joined Emily, Rachel, and Max for a game of Settlers of Catan, my first on this trip.  Emily and I were both only one point away from defeating Max, the Catan master, but much to our disappointment, he beat us to it.  I still think I did pretty well for it being only my third time or so playing altogether.  Petra, Rachel, and I finished out the night watching Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, frequently interrupting with sarcastic comments and questions about the logistics of the magical world.

Day 42
July 19th
7:08 p.m. Central Time
Flying between Minneapolis, MN and Grand Rapids, MI
I am almost home!  It’s hard to believe that I’ve been away for six weeks – it seems so much shorter!  I have dug up an elk pelvis, crossed the U.S.-Canada border four times, seen a bear, stuck countless dirt-covered rocks in my mouth, and absorbed significantly more DEET than could possibly be healthy.  Perhaps most importantly, I am still interested in pursuing archaeology as a career… though maybe more in the lab than in the field.  But no matter what comes from it, I am very happy to have taken part in SNAP 2015, doing some important work with some wonderful people.
Okay.  Enough cheesy stuff.  Let’s get back to narrating what has actually been happening.  Maddy, Rachel, and I caught our flight to Minneapolis together at 1:30 p.m..  The flight was pretty uneventful.  I had hoped to get pictures of the mountains this time but it was cloudy beneath us when we passed them so no luck.  I said goodbye to my dear Clinton friends after we landed, with promises to set up a SNAP reunion whenever their breaks conveniently do not coincide with Hamilton’s.  I believe we are just starting to cross Lake Michigan now.  So close to home!

All my stuff packed and sitting where my tent used to be.

All my stuff packed and sitting where my tent used to be.

The field looks so empty without 12 tents!

The field looks so empty without 12 tents!

Petra taking down her Kingdom

Petra taking down her Kingdom

So much stuff!

So much stuff!

Bye, British Columbia!

Bye, British Columbia!

Hello again, United States!

Hello again, United States!

An amazing sculpture at the gas station we frequently stopped at in Kettle Falls, Washington of a Native American salmon fishing

An amazing sculpture at the gas station we frequently stopped at in Kettle Falls, Washington of a Native American salmon fishing

Up in the air

Up in the air

The real crop circles of Washington/Montana!

The real crop circles of Washington/Montana!

They don't call Minnesota the Land of Ten Thousand Lakes for no reason!

They don’t call Minnesota the Land of Ten Thousand Lakes for no reason!

Nothing more beautiful than flying over Lake Michigan at sunset, looking at home near Michigan's shore.

Nothing more beautiful than flying over Lake Michigan at sunset, looking at home near Michigan’s shore.

Landed safe and sound.

Landed safe and sound.

Well, that concludes my account of my adventures in British Columbia with SNAP 2015.  Thank you to everyone who has followed along the whole way as well as those who have only recently joined or have only read the exciting sounding parts (I don’t blame you)!  I have a few more short posts planned for updates on my archaeological adventures post-SNAP, and who knows, maybe I’ll get asked to take The Ring to Mordor sometime in the future and blog that! But this is indeed the end of the “formal” (a.k.a. journal) part of “I’m Going on Adventure!”.
Thanks again for reading!

Days 39 & 40 – Backfill. Clean-up. PARTY!

Day 39
July 16th
(Journal from July 17th
3:57 p.m.
Today was simultaneously the best and the worst day of excavation; the best because we are finished and will be going home soon, the worst because it is also sad to leave and we had to lug buckets of dirt back from the screening piles to backfill the blocks.
I started the morning by helping to photograph and backfill Housepit 8 with Rachel, Allysa, and Lindsay while Molly and Mike finished profiling and Emily and Anna finally finished up the feature.  After an early lunch, most of the group scanned the riverbank for washed out artifacts while I filled out some more unit summary forms
More from July 19th entry
Looks like I got distracted as I was writing about backfill day so let’s pick up there.  Once the profiles were completely finished for Housepit 7, the backfill process started all over again.  We laid down a few pieces of plastic and secured it with rocks and sticks poked through and into the ground.  Then we dumped a layer of dirt on it.  The buckets are pretty abusive when full – the front of my thighs are splotched with bruises!  Soon after, we began to fire-at-will with the many excavated rocks piled on the sides of our block.  The real trick was to avoid hitting Nathan and the other bucket-bearers.  There was something cathartic about throwing all those rocks back in, as if I was finally getting back at the block for all the rocks and other hardships it had given us.  Once most of the rocks were in and the dirt made the pit look like a bowl again, the original members of the Housepit 7 team dumped the last bucket together.  The process was completed by placing freshly cut branches over the bald spot in a poor, but well-meant, attempt to disguise our presence.  Finally, we were done.  Feeling a bit like survivors of the Dust Bowl from all the blowing dirt, we wearily trudged back up to camp for the last time, sustained and rejuvenated by the thimbleberries we picked along the way.

Day 40
July 17th
3:57 p.m.
And we’re down to our last full day in Slocan.  Despite a very chilly night and morning, it has warmed up to be an absolutely gorgeous, sunny day.  After a late start, we worked in teams to inventory and pack away camp and site supplies, deconstruct the outhouse at site, and clean and organize the kitchen.  Then we had a last lunch of leftovers.
After lunch, Mike, Anna, and I put the finishing touches on our poster about Housepit 7.  Everyone also helped to take down the big tent covering the dinner tables.  It looks so strange without the massive thing now.  I then headed up to my tent to begin the packing process.  Now I am back at the cabin, waiting for the final festivities to begin.
More from July 19th
Moving forward to the “party,” Lori Barkley, the sole anthropology professor at Selkirk and her husband joined us for pizza and presentations.  It was interesting to hear more over dinner about Marilyn James’ viewpoint from Lori who has worked closely with the outspoken Sinixt activist in her studies and remains in her relatively good graces.  The poster presentations went smoothly enough.
Afterwards,  the TAs presented each of us with “awards” written on “rocks with intrinsic value” (as Molly would say).  My award was “Secret Popstar” for my habit of singing along quietly to any song I even vaguely know during our car rides.  Following the awards, Mike entertained us with a bloopers slide show of funny pictures that had us in stitches.
I stayed around the “fire” (we just had a propane lamp in the middle of the fire pit because of the fire ban) until about midnight.  Emerging into the field, I stopped in awe, looking up at the stars’ splendid decoration of the sky.  It was strange to see stars right on the horizon of the mountains, touching them like two pieces of fabric laid against each other.  It was a perfect night to end on, as if the sky had donned her best party dress to celebrate with us.

Mariah helping to backfill Housepit 8 Photo Credit: Allisa

Mariah helping to backfill Housepit 8
Photo Credit: Allisa

Grace and Petra shoveling dirt from the screen piles into buckets Photo Credit: Alissa

Grace and Petra shoveling dirt from the screen piles into buckets
Photo Credit: Alissa

Dumping the last dregs of the dirt into Housepit 7 Photo Credit: Allisa

Dumping the last dregs of the dirt into Housepit 7
Photo Credit: Allisa

Housepit 7 is finished! Photo Credit: Allisa

Housepit 7 is finished!
Photo Credit: Allisa

Housepit 7 gathers for a last group picture! Photo Credit: Mike

Housepit 7 gathers for a last group picture!
Photo Credit: Mike

The tables without the big tent!

The tables without the big tent!

Mariah Walzer: Secret Popstar

Mariah Walzer: Secret Popstar

Days 37 & 38 – The End of Excavation

Day 37
July 14th
9:40 p.m.
The rain continues.  It rained at least twice last night.  I woke this morning to grey skies and fluffy clouds hugging the mountains like a feather boa (despite that simile, it was really quite grand and beautiful).  We headed down to site for our “last” day of excavation.  I began the day by working with Molly to define, map, excavate, and profile my feature.  It ended up extending farther than I had thought, even dipping under the floor.  I found no artifacts in it, but there were two sample-sized pieces of charcoal plus a few flecked areas.  We are currently calling it a potential hearth, but it seems likely to be a post hole instead.  Hopefully Emily’s geochemical analysis will tell us!  Mike and Emily spent all day working on their feature – poor souls – and still are not done.
After finishing all the paperwork for my feature, I finished the level and the unit by excavating the southeast quad where I found two more bone fragments in the screen.  I am now officially done excavating!  Now it is time for a bunch of paperwork.  I ended the afternoon by filling out unit summary forms for 68E 153N and 69E 153N.  It was kind of interesting to look back and see everything we went through (both figuratively and literally).  Anna and Allysa spent today taking final CVS from every quad in the whole block and beginning to profile the east wall.  It rained a bit in the morning and shortly after lunch enough to force us to erect another tarp tent – this always seems to happen when we are excavating things that require extra special care (i.e., pelvis bone day).
Spec-ing kept us busy as yet another bout of rain and thunder rolled through.  I wanted to hide in the house with Mancos.  After dinner, we had a “discussion” about the additional readings on the chronology of the region by Nathan and briefly went over the topics to be covered on tomorrow’s exam (eep! but not enough to scare me into studying much yet… whoops?).  It has cooled down significantly now, and tea and hot chocolate were necessities this evening.

Day 38
July 15th
(Journal Entry from July 17th
3:57 p.m.
Today was profiling day.  Mike and Emily continued to work on their feature for the whole time at site.  Anna and Allysa were an unstoppable profiling machine, completing two full walls and two half walls by noon.  Molly and I teamed up to profile the west wall.
We left site at one o’clock and piled into the vans with our lunches to go to Vallican.  We met with Lola, Melissa, Robert Watt,  and a visiting couple at the site of the Sinixt occupation.  First, we checked out their reconstruction of a pithouse.  It was surreal to see and experience our housepit as it might have been 2500 years ago (with a few modernizing elements).  The inside is indeed pretty dark, though the high summer sun allowed our eyes to adjust quickly.  When you enter through the arched stairs, it is traditional to walk a full circle around the central fire pit before taking your place.  The floor is sand but hardened from the pressure of many feet with a circle of stones surrounding the central “hearth” which is currently a large metal woodstove.  Along the outside edge, there is a bench of large river cobbles cemented together and covered by wooden planks.  Behind the benches are raised cubbies for storing bags, sleeping, and children sitting during ceremonies.  There is also another wood stove equivalent to a peripheral fire hearth.  Thanks to its subterranean nature, the air temperature of the pithouse was very cool.  We also toured the housepits, sweat lodges, and burials at Vallican.  The occupation of the site was originally triggered by the destruction of the burials by the construction of a new road through the area.

Mariah works on profiling the west wall, using a paint brush as an impromptu measuring tool. Photo Credit: Mike

Mariah works on profiling the west wall, using a paint brush as an impromptu measuring tool.
Photo Credit: Mike

Housepit 7 with excavation complete.

Housepit 7 with excavation complete.

The possible central fire hearth feature. Unfortunately, my feature did not photograph well.

The possible central fire hearth feature.
Unfortunately, my feature did not photograph well.

Mike and Emily painstakingly working on their feature.

Mike and Emily painstakingly working on their feature.

Molly connects the profile dots!

Molly connects the profile dots!

Everyone is happy to be completely finished with excavation!

Everyone is happy to be completely finished with excavation!

Emily inside the reconstructed pithouse. She is sitting on the bench and behind her are the cubbies.

Emily inside the reconstructed pithouse. She is sitting on the bench and behind her are the cubbies.

Inside the pithouse looking towards the doorway.

Inside the pithouse looking towards the doorway.

The inside of the pithouse was impressively large.

The inside of the pithouse was impressively large.

Vallican's reconstructed pithouse from the outside.

Vallican’s reconstructed pithouse from the outside.

A partially constructed sweat lodge.

A partially constructed sweat lodge.